Fardella: a territory to discover
Located in Basilicata, a region that has still to open up fully to the development of tourism despite the many archaeological, architectural and environmental attractions it offers along with good, healthy Mediterranean cuisine, Fardella is a small town about 720 metres above sea level nestling on the hillside in the Pollino National Park, one of Italy’s largest protected areas of natural countryside, still unspoilt and as yet little known.
Fardella can boast an enviable climate and location. Temperatures that are neither too cold in winter nor too hot and stifling in summer, with an average of 4.3°C in the coldest month and a maximum of 29°C in the warmest, and high-speed highways make it an ideal place for holidays devoted to rest and relaxation, exploration and long walks, good food and clean air, but also fun and entertainment. The Ionian and Tyrrhenian coasts, the regional capital Potenza, Matera, the ancient cities of Magna Graecia, the peaks of the Pollino Massif and the ski slopes of Mt Sirino are all just a few kilometres away.
You can arrive by car on the A3 motorway (Salerno–Reggio Calabria), taking the Sinnica super-highway at the Lauria Nord exit or opting for the 104 state highway, a more inland route that connects various towns of the region and offers a series of splendid views.
Immersed in the surrounding greenery, Fardella is laid out on the 104 state highway. Access is in the west after passing the area of the reservoir and the Barbattavio Park, a vast green area where mysterious marble animals and nymphs are discovered together with their queen Diana, the goddess of hunting. There are also many species of plants protected by the current EU directives (including Orchis propincialis, Epipactis helleborine, Orchis morio, Orchis papilionacea, Spiranthes spiralis, Cyclamen hederyfolium and Ruscus aculeantus) as well as the municipal mountain refuge. A complete range of facilities for soccer, volleyball, tennis and bowls have made this an authentic and highly functional sports centre where numerous football teams come to train, an ideal setting for physical activities enhanced by the characteristic hospitality of the local inhabitants and a host of tennis, bowls and volleyball tournaments.
To the east the state highway passes what could be called the industrial area to enter the town proper after the Villa Costanza. Running around Fardella to the northwest and northeast is Via Giovanni XXIII, a road offering panoramic views of the Serrapotamo valley and neighbouring towns like Chiaromonte, Roccanova and Teana. To the southwest and southeast, greenery, nature and geographical factors have limited the growth of the town – located on a sort of natural terrace that is not too steep – but also ensured the survival of areas of great charm and beauty that human presence would probably have ruined. While the flora becomes one of key elements here with the presence of countless species of great rarity at the regional and indeed national level such as Heptaptera angustifolia (the rarest in the region), Quercus calliprinos (present in Italy only in Basilicata, Puglia and Sicily), Arabis rosea and Acer neapolitanum, the local fauna has found a natural, unspoilt habitat, as hunting is prohibited on municipal land and many species are protected. On walking through the woods, you can often see wild boar, hares, foxes and martens as well as deer in the past and protected roe deer inside the Barbattavio Park. You can watch a lanner falcon hanging apparently motionless in mid-air, hear a black woodpecker at work and marvel at the soaring flight of an Egyptian vulture or a red kite, now an endangered species in Italy.
Very extensive despite the small number of residents, the municipal territory includes a number of small towns at a distance, like Pietrapica on the other side of the Sinnica road and Sammarella on the road from Fardella to Chiaromonte, as well as areas inside and near the Pollino Massif such as Grottole and the well-known woods of Magnano or Cascianudo.